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Car service: what parts to buy?

Car service: what parts to buy? 1
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Car service: what parts to buy?

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“For car repair, it will be most advantageous to use used (used) spare parts, since their condition allows you to use used parts repeatedly”.

It was this topic that caught my eye, and, more than once, the impression was created that these were not individual random articles, but someone directed a campaign. I will not give the addresses of such publications and advertise those whom I have no desire to advertise, you yourself will stumble upon similar on the Internet.
And also I won’t draw any thoughtful conclusions about “Who benefits from it” – you can think about it yourself, but I will focus on the topic “On spare parts in general”.

First, let’s define the concept of “spare part” or, as they say, “spare part” (hereinafter it will be without brackets). Having talentedly reworked Wikipedia’s opinion, I’ll say that “A spare part is a certain product, part, device, etc., intended to replace a similar one in order to restore the car’s performance for a certain period of time”.

The most obvious and understandable example of a used spare part is a ballpoint pen. Conventionally, it consists of a body, a cap, a writing rod and a spring. When the pen stops writing, we change the writing core, thereby using a spare part to restore its performance.

Now let’s look at the car. Suppose we heard during the movement that “something is knocking from below.” We went to a car service, looked there and said that “we need to change the ball bearing.” And they offered a choice of a new, the so-called “original from the Manufacturer”, “non-original” and used.

By the way: For those who speak English; Much has already been written about this, for example: “Toyota OEM parts – are they really better for your car?” and here: “What does O.E.M. really mean?” . and many other similar articles, diverse in depth. English-speaking car owners have long been aware of the issue under consideration, and we receive fragmented and sometimes incorrect information. So I’ll try to bring together opinions, and if there are translation errors, tell me, discuss, but for now we’ll continue.

The car factory, on the conveyor of which the car is assembled, is called
“Original equipment manufacturing” (original equipment manufacturer or OEM), and spare parts for the conveyor are supplied by an enterprise called OES – “Original equipment supplier”. Such a bunch gives birth to the familiar words: “The original spare part from the Manufacturer”.

An automobile factory (OEM) can have dozens or even hundreds of suppliers (OES). And here it is important to note that before the car factory will use spare parts from the supplier (OES), all these spare parts must correspond to those parameters that were laid down by the designers at the design stage of the car. And here it is important to note one more factor: periodically, all parts coming from the OES factory undergo a thorough factory repeated check before installation on the car.

But supplier companies (OES) are usually small companies with dozens of workers. And if such a company is not bound by hard contracts with the Manufacturer (OEM), then in order to survive, they need a wider market. And then the Supplier (OES) offers the market the same spare parts that it supplies to the Manufacturer (OEM), but only with its own brand (this is conditional, since the brand may not exist – only the package with the name). Such spare parts are called “non-original”, but in reality they are exactly the same parts that are installed on the car on the conveyor, only without the brand of the Manufacturer (OEM).

There are other features here: knowing that the Manufacturer regularly checks the incoming consignment of spare parts, the Supplier (OES) also regularly carries out internal checks of the shipped spare parts, thereby maintaining a constant level of the required quality of the supplied products. From this we can conclude that the spare part from the Supplier is of high quality, but with an admission to the “conditions for the forthcoming sale of goods”.

We go further: the Supplier company, in conditions of strong competition, seeks to survive, but if it only supplies parts that are suitable for only one brand of car to the market, then such a company will suffer losses (provided that it is not bound by a hard contract with The manufacturer, which gives her a chance to survive).

Therefore, the Supplier company conducts additional research, development, testing and softens the requirements for the production of a particular spare part.
Here I want to clarify the word and the concept of “softens”, and let’s do this with the example of our ballpoint pen, in which the writing core is “written out”. You will go to the store and buy another rod. But it will be “not original”, but will be “the same” and “from the same Supplier. But in quality and appearance without differences.
And if you have another ballpoint pen, but of a slightly different shape and design, in which the writing pen is also over, then you will get two writing pens – and these pens will fit both one and the second ballpoint pen.

Another example of “softening” the requirements: you go to the store and start choosing a wiper blade – and you will choose both by the size of the old, worn-out brush, and by the inscriptions on the packaging. And there will be written car brands to which this brush will fit.

To simplify the understanding of the above: After conducting the research, the Supplier found the “golden mean” in terms of size, material composition, fastening and so on of the wiper blades, and now its goods will be sold more actively (the concept of “quality” remains outside the brackets, as the Manufacturer (OES) after additional research can reduce the quality to the desired his level, which will not reduce the level of sales, but significantly reduce the final price of the goods, for example, when using another material for the brushes themselves and the thickness / shape of the metal holders, etc.).

I’ll expand the example on wipers (it can be easily transferred to other parts, which were “optimized” to reduce cost). So, what is possible, and is it possible to “optimize” something in such a simple product as “ordinary wiper blades”?

For example, take winter brushes. They consist of a rocker arm, a protective rubber cover and the brush itself. To reduce the cost, the beam can be fully or half made plastic, moreover, you can save on the profile and thickness; a protective rubber cover can be made not from durable rubber, which will last five years, but from “something similar”, with a service life of one year; the brushes themselves can also be made from a “rubber set”, with a short life. Etc.

The conclusion is this: a spare part marked as OEM will be better than a unified spare part from OES. But there are also different interpretations: if the spare part from OES is manufactured according to all OEM requirements, then the quality will not differ (with the tolerance mentioned above in the text). But there is a question: is it profitable for the OES Manufacturer to spend the same large funds for the manufactured spare part if this spare part will not be controlled in OEM laboratories after production, but will go to the market?

Well, confused?
Naturally. And why should the car owner know this?
He will go to the store, ask the seller, and he will offer him spare parts in this order (if there is a whole assortment):
1. Original (OEM)
2. Non-original from OES, but of exactly the same quality (the seller will assure, not understanding all the details)
3. Or recommend the address of the “disassembly”, where “there are all spare parts for your car”

The third paragraph above about “auto-disassembly” is the “used” spare parts, or used ones. And what can you say about them?

If the spare part that is offered to you during the “disassembly” will really be an “OEM spare part”, then depending on its condition, the probability of a miss in quality will be less than the purchase of a “unified” OES spare part. But the owner of the car is not a car expert, he can only “look with his eyes”, and cannot look inside the metal or the proposed device and will trust the recommendations of the seller.

And we all know well and are faced with the fact that “the most important thing for the seller is to sell, and for this he will sing serenades to the buyer about the high quality of the goods being sold.” Of course, this statement does not apply to all sellers, there are also crystal-clear people. Then how lucky.

I will not talk about “fake spare parts”, this topic was discussed in sufficient detail in other articles on the Internet portal of the Legion-Avtodata company.

Well, it’s time to end this article … you are already confused in the concepts of “OEM”, “OES”, “used parts” and you think how to send the author of the article further away – “confused – no strength! I understood what I said ? ” I won’t lie: “What I said – I understood and comprehended.” And I realized a few more things, let’s point by point:

1. Spare parts “original” have always been and will be the highest quality. But at the price they will be hoo, because the buyer will pay for the brand, for quality and for the guarantee.
2. Spare parts are “non-original” – that’s the question … how can you get to what quality – “original” quality or “unified”.
3. Spare parts “used” – almost the same as in paragraph two. But there is a chance to buy a “original” spare part at a low price. And here you can’t do without expert advice.
4. This question about the “original non-original or used” needs to be studied much deeper, in this article I only outlined the boundaries and showed the direction.

It is best to listen (and then always and everywhere) to the Specialists. For example, there is a good topic on the Legion-Avtodat company forum: “Rating of spare parts brands“=

There are many statements, there are controversial, there are indisputable. For example, you can listen to the head of a hybrid car service center from Yekaterinburg Sergey Nikolaevich Gordeev:

“I myself am engaged in the purchase of spare parts for my car service (plus we supply spare parts for hybrids of hybrid car owners across the country through the online store).
And of course, the PRICE-QUALITY parameter remains the most important parameter when purchasing spare parts..
As you know, many spare parts for hybrid cars have no analogues (duplicates), so you have to bother with contracted spare parts. (It has already been 7 years since I established their regular delivery from Japan).
And in some cases (control units, inverters, high-voltage batteries, etc.) this is really the only way out.
But on consumables (filters, links, bushings, bushings, ball, tie rods and tips, clips, latches, anthers, etc.) you have to buy new parts.
And here the originals are not satisfied with all customers!
For 10 years we have tried a bunch of different duplicate manufacturers. There are options more expensive and better, there are cheaper and very bad …
But the last 5 years have found a manufacturer who:
-firstly, it covers more than 50% of the need for such spare parts
-secondly, the manufacturer always has them in stock
-thirdly, the supplier is the manufacturer himself. (i.e. they trade without intermediaries and without unnecessary intermediary margins). Unless, of course, buy directly, and not through Exist, Emix, etc..
-fourthly, excellent quality for sane money. They have the so-called “Unconditional Warranty” for spare parts of 12 months. It was a mystery to me what an “unconditional guarantee” is. Therefore, I will explain: during the warranty period, you can return to the supplier any spare part if it did not suit you! And the supplier simply refunds you without asking unnecessary questions. I haven’t seen anything like this in other manufacturers..
-fifthly, of course, this is the price!
Intrigued?
This is the Japanese company MASUMA.
I see that some people itch their hands to write: “This is not Japan! This is China!”
Yes. Production is in China and Korea, but everything is done according to Japanese quality standards..
During my last November trip (I was in Japan, Korea and China), I visited one of the MASUMA plants.
In January holidays I plan to write a detailed trip report with photos.
I think that many will be interested.
So I advise you to take a closer look at this Japanese-Korean-Chinese company more closely.

Hybrid service repair and maintenance of any hybrid cars. any spare parts for hybrids.
t. 89024442335
HybridServis.ru ”

Or listen to Marcinkiewicz Artyom, an excellent specialist in the diagnosis and repair of cars from the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Ugra, he speaks about the names and brands that you can trust:

Suspension
Lemförder, TRW, Febi, Ruville, Meyle, VTR, but among Asian manufacturers there is no choice

Chassis
Boge, Sachs, Bilstein, KYB (depending on where)

SHRUS, anthers, half shafts
Löbro, Spidan, HDK

The brakes
Akebono, Advics (daughter of Toyota), Ate, Pagid, Brembo, Zimmermann

Optics
Hella, Bosch, Valeo, original!

Cooling system
Behr, Hepu, Nissens

Drive belts and nozzles
Gates, Contitech, Mitsuboshi, Sun, Bando
Filters
Knecht (daughter Mahle), Hengst, VIC.

Shock absorbers
Boge, Sachs, Bilstein, KYB (depending on where)

Bearings, compensators, rollers
INA, SKF, FAG, KOYO, NSK

Clutch
Sachs, Luk, Valeo,

Spark plug
NGK definitely.

Electronics
Bosch, Hella, Siemens, Hüco, Denso.

Fuel system
VDO, Pierburg, Bosch

Pistons, rings, liners
Mahle, Kolbenschmidt, Taiho.

In the profile on the forum, Artyom has the following signature: “Little experience in 5 years of spare parts supply at service stations.” But in my opinion, FIVE years to deal with spare parts is a huge time. And we must think that his customers are satisfied, because, judging by the list he provided, all the spare parts offered passed the test both by time and by customers.

And here we come to the main thing: “Do the owner of a car need to know EVERYTHING that is?”.

Our life is such that there are so many sellers who are “professional deceivers” that “it’s better not to go to auto parts stores.” And may good and sincere sellers forgive me, what has been said does not apply to them..

In my opinion, the owner of a car does not need to know everything. And only one thing is necessary: ​​”Have your own personal auto-doctor” and all repair issues should be decided only with him.

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