How to buy a car?
It’s about buying a Japanese car.
Try not to buy a car alone. The seller will ‘crush’ by touting his goods. Together with someone it is psychologically easier to withstand this pressure, moreover, the more eyes the car sees, the higher the likelihood of detecting hidden defects, which will help in any case reduce the price of the purchased car. You and your friends or companions argue your price with the fact that you will have to spend extra money to fix the detected defects.
Try to determine if the whole car was repainted, in parts or not. If the car was repainted, then there was a body repair. It should be noted that during repair only external surfaces are removed, and from the inside they are not always always primed. Stickers and inscriptions are often applied in order to hide body defects. If the car does not tint, there should not be any traces of paint on any rubber and plastic parts of the body, tubes, wires, engine. Compare the paint in the engine compartment and on the wings.
Carefully inspect the side members. If there was a blow and they were pulled out, anyway there are traces: broken paint and creases on the metal surface. To see this, you need to clean them of dirt. Under the mud you can hide many defects. Each car has two or three places from which it begins to rust. This usually happens under the rubber seals of windows, doors and trunk.
All doors should close the same way, with the same sound and from the same effort. If this is not the case, then probably the body is behaved. For a car with a normal body, all slots should be the same width in length.
Pay attention to the wheels. The main thing is that the rubber is worn evenly, and there are no signs of bumps on the disc.
As soon as the hood is opened, immediately smell the air above the engine – there should be absolutely no smell of gasoline. If the engine is diesel, make sure that all fuel equipment is free of diesel..
Inspect all engine parts and assemblies for traces of oil. On a working engine, there should be no oil drips. If you find at least one nut or bolt with straight edges, it means they’ve climbed into the engine. If you see any gasket, traces of white or black sealant, paint or varnish – know that this is done in our country. The Japanese use only gray-silver sealant, which is almost invisible. The oil should be transparent and without the slightest impurities and small black inclusions. If the engine is diesel, then the oil will be black, but the clearance should still be transparent. If there is a black paste-like coating inside the oil filler neck, the engine is likely to overheat.
For a fully operational engine, everything that is visible inside the filler neck should be golden in color; for diesel engines, the color will be dark gray. If you find a deposit, you can not trust such an engine without further diagnosis..
The presence of traces of rust in the area of the radiator filler neck suggests that the engine was overheated at one time. The presence of rust in the expansion tank indicates the same. Antifreeze poured into the radiator can be of any color, but should not be cloudy and opaque, without oil stains and stains on the surface.
The oil in the power reservoir and in the automatic transmission must have the same color (red-brown), be transparent and free from impurities, and, most importantly, smell the same. The burnt smell of oil in an automatic transmission indicates that the life of this unit is very limited.
Inspect all rubber products on the engine. They should not be cracked. Pay special attention to high voltage wires, nozzles and belts of the generator drive, pump, etc. The engine cooling fan, if the engine is cold, should rotate with a light hand effort. There should not be any backlash.
Spread a newspaper on the ground under the engine. Ask to start the engine. No rattle of the starter is allowed. The engine should start immediately and abruptly, regardless of whether it is cold or hot. When starting a diesel engine, the starter should not be heard at all. If the engine cranks two turns and does not start, then its fuel equipment needs repair and adjustment.
Carefully open the oil filler cap. Be convinced that inside try to jump out oil droplets, and inside there is an oil fog. If with the lid open at approximately 1000 rpm. exhaust gases are released, which means that the overpressure in the crankcase and the piston group require repair.
Once the engine has started, open the radiator cap and make sure that no air bubbles appear from there. Otherwise, the engine must be diagnosed at the service station..
In 1-2 minutes engine operation, when the arrow of the temperature gauge enters the operating range, touch the upper radiator pipe. It should be cold, because the thermostat is still closed. If the engine heats up for a long time, the radiator pipes are warm and not hot, then the thermostat is faulty or it is not at all.
Warm up the engine. If the car has a radiator cooling fan, wait until it turns on and turns off after a while. So the temperature control system is working.
Sharp and fully depress the gas pedal. The engine should start and sharply, without interruptions or knocks, gain speed. With a decrease in revolutions, the engine jerks are not allowed. Gently spin the engine to about 3000 rpm. and sharply release the gas pedal. With a decrease in revolutions of jerking is not allowed.
When idle is established, turn on the engine of the passenger compartment heater, headlights, depress the brake, set the automatic control handle to the ‘D’ position and sharply turn the steering wheel all the way to the right, then left. The engine must not stall. During all operations, one of the acquaintances should listen to the engine for suspicious noises (the hood must be open).
Check exhaust smoke. Idling almost invisible smoke. With an increase in speed, the smoke becomes visible, but it should be pale gray. Black smoke means a fuel system malfunction, blue smoke means oil is entering the combustion chambers, and thick white smoke is antifreeze or water. In frosty or wet weather, the color of the smoke is not a sufficiently correct sign of engine malfunction.
Find the engine number. Usually for two intervals before the number knock out the brand of engine. The make and engine number are sometimes indicated on the information plate on the rear or front of the engine.
Start the engine, wait 10-15 seconds, turn off the engine and turn on the ignition again. If the emergency oil pressure reduction light comes on immediately, the engine is worn out. A good engine has high oil pressure in the system for up to 5 seconds.
With the engine running, switch on various gearbox modes one at a time. There should not be any changes in the background noise..
Now that the engine check has basically been completed, remove the previously spread newspaper from under it. If at least one drop of oil appears on it, the engine requires some kind of repair. Further testing should be carried out on dry pavement. Any car (except for large ones with a small engine) with two passengers, if you move sharply, must turn the wheels in place. Having checked that the car is able to scream rubber, you will be convinced that coupling is in a satisfactory condition.
To check the condition of the drives of the front-wheel drive machine, turn the wheels all the way (both left and right) and start moving sharply (on the rise). If the drive is in normal condition, you will not hear any clicks..
Try turning on and off all the buttons in the car, twist all the knobs, move all the levers, ask about their purpose. Turn on the radio and tune it to a frequency that does not have a transmitting station. Start the engine. Stop the engine. There should be no change in speaker noise.
Look carefully at the dashboard. Maybe one of the emergency lights turned out.
Using your weight, swing with two hands each of the four corners of the car. The machine should not make a second pitch if the shock absorbers are normal. There shouldn’t be any knocks.
Take a peek under the car. Pay attention to traces of oil on the rear axle gearbox and on the underbody in front of the units. Look for leaks in the shock absorbers, whether the rubber bumpers and the anthers of the shock absorbers are intact. Pay particular attention to the anthers of the wheel drives and steering. They should not be cracked or torn..
Compare the distance between the wing edge and the tread of the wheel of your car and others. So you determine whether the springs and springs have subsided or not.
Rock the steering wheel. No knocking should be.
Try to inspect the brake disc. Its surface should be smooth and shiny, without scoring and radial undulation.
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