How to drive a car in ice
There are a number of rules for driving a car during icy conditions, as well as other useful tips, the implementation of which will protect motorists from such an undesirable fate.
The first thing that can help in the fight against ice is your car. In particular, this applies to winter tires. Winter tires, according to some classification, are divided into 2 types. The first group includes rubber, which has a large tread pattern. Such tires will be effective when driving on a snowy road, but not with ice. The tread pattern should be finely divided, and also have metal spikes.
If your car has rear driving wheels, you can’t advise a lot: the car skips whenever possible. However, not much more fortunate owners of front-wheel drive cars. Sometimes you can succumb to a sense of control on the road, but if you press the brake, the car becomes uncontrollable. Owners of a front-wheel drive car should remember that when cornering, slow down in advance before turning.
Your safety on the road depends on you..
The first thing that is vitally necessary to be able to do is to brake correctly during ice. In the event of an emergency, reflexively want to press the brake pedal to the floor. And this is the worst thing that can be done on ice, because when the wheels stop completely, the car starts to slip and completely loses control. Most modern cars have an anti-lock brake system that prevents the wheel from stopping during braking. This is a pretty good system, but you should not always rely on it..
The best way to brake is engine braking.
To do this, remove the foot from the gas pedal, but not abruptly, and switch to a lower gear, the car starts to brake. Intermittent braking will also be effective in this case. It consists in briefly pressing the brake pedal. At the same time, strong and long presses must be avoided..
Maneuvering. There is one single rule: when performing a maneuver, the steering wheel must be turned, firstly, at a small angle, and secondly, do it smoothly, avoiding sudden movements. Otherwise, you risk losing control of the car without changing direction.
The withdrawal of the car from skidding. When driving in ice, you cannot sharply turn the steering wheel, especially when the clutch is pressed out, shifting the gear stage, maneuvering or braking. The slightest sharpness leads to skidding and rotation. This is a big danger, since you do not have the ability to control a car that can roll anywhere. When all the wheels are locked and you are skidded, you need to quickly change the braking method. Release the brake pedal and slow down the engine. Remember that the steering wheel must be turned in the direction where you intend to continue driving. This is important, because after releasing the lock, the gas supply can pull the car towards the inverted wheels. Another danger in itself is fraught with white plastic, which markings are applied on the roads. During rain, snow and ice it becomes especially slippery. There is a high probability of a car skidding when wheels hit it. If you need to maneuver on such a markup, then be sure to slow down.
Last but not least, safe speed and distance. This is perhaps the most important point to pay attention to. Driving in ice is also distinguished by the fact that the distance should be significantly increased, since the braking distance, compared with summer dry weather, increases up to 8 times. For example, at a speed of 40 km / h, the distance should be about 80 m. Do not be afraid to move slowly, if necessary. Do not exceed a reasonable speed limit, even if you are in a hurry.
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