All-wheel drive cars - how to choose the best 2

All-wheel drive cars – how to choose the best

All-wheel drive cars – how to choose the best

All-wheel drive cars - how to choose the best 3

The 4×4 SUV is a vehicle that is known for its versatility and unique design. Currently, there are many all-wheel drive cars of various brands on the market. Each has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, so it is difficult to immediately determine which one is better. Just as it is impossible to say which SUV is suitable for each specific driver who has his own ideas about the ideal car. Car enthusiasts interested in buying a 4×4 SUV will find the necessary information in this article to help them make the right decision..

1. Security guarantees

One of the most important factors that must be closely monitored is safety. Moreover, it is absolutely unimportant whether the SUV will be used by the driver only for personal trips or for traveling with his family, it is necessary that this car be reliable.

Today, according to modern technical conditions for cars, developers must foresee the installation of side air chambers and rear-view parking sensors in the cab. This ensures the preservation of the life of the driver and his passengers in the event of a car accident. And although the device of an SUV provides many degrees of protection, there is no need to sacrifice any safety nuance for a more attractive four-wheel drive car.

2. Fuel consumption

Another aspect that all potential car buyers are interested in is fuel consumption. This is even more important today, when the cost of fuel is constantly increasing. It will be useful to note that several types of hybrid SUVs are now available in the car market, which can significantly save fuel. Some of these models boast gasoline consumption as high as 10 liters per 100 kilometers. This is a very good characteristic for this type of car, allowing you to maintain the optimal balance between the volume of transported cargo and fuel consumption.

3. Purpose of use

Another important factor for drivers who are going to buy an all-wheel drive car is the purpose of use. For example, one buyer needs a car to take his family to the cottage, deliver groceries and things there, travel with friends on outing trips. Naturally, he is primarily interested in the volume of the trunk and the useful space of the cabin. And the other person, in turn, wants to have a reliable vehicle for traveling in remote areas. Of course, he cares mainly about the qualities that ensure the increased cross-country ability of the car, its power and speed.

In any case, you can not choose a car, focusing only on its appearance. It is extremely important to study the technical data sheet of each four-wheel drive vehicle that interests you in order to have objective information about its properties and features. After all, it may well happen that when you familiarize yourself with the technical documentation for an attractive SUV, you will learn a completely different story about this vehicle.

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BMW 1 Series All-Wheel Drive 9

BMW 1 Series All-Wheel Drive

BMW 1 Series – All-Wheel Drive

BMW 1 Series All-Wheel Drive 10

This car can be called unique. Such a compact can not be found on the market. Everything is pleasing, only in the winter period of operation, rear-wheel drive cars oblige the motorist to have driving experience.

Previously, this problem could be resolved by various methods, for example, if funds allow, to find a car for the winter with front-wheel drive. Today the question can be considered closed, BMW offers users a model of a car with all-wheel drive. On city streets, this is a traditional hatchback, with its ability to “drive out” in any traffic jams and other difficult traffic situations, and outside the city?

Good in the summer. Driving a car with front-wheel drive is a pleasure. He clearly holds the course, is actively going to overtake or is being rebuilt. True, at a moderate speed, the machine shows some nervousness. In similar conditions, the management of the all-wheel drive version of BMW is not much different. Maybe the car doesn’t react so temperamentally to the functions performed by the driver, especially in the steering mechanism. But this minus turns into a plus when driving along the highway (especially at high speed). All-wheel drive transmission eliminates the need for any steering, due to the balance of the distribution of effort, part of which falls on the front axle.

But on a slippery track, the benefits of an all-wheel drive vehicle increase markedly. During acceleration, there are no slippage, stable traction, both during maneuvering and cornering. But experts note that the most efficient four-wheel drive BMW demonstrates itself on winter road surfaces, in this situation he is the complete master of the situation. Yes, and do not occupy a car.

The company offers all-wheel drive versions in 2 trim levels. Equipped to the limit with the top M135i and modification with a 120d diesel engine. Almost everything is already known about the first, only an advertising company, deployed around this model, more than eloquently confirms this. But for the diesel version 120d XDrive there are questions.

It is worth noting that this all-wheel drive modification with a diesel engine is recognized as almost the most economical car in the class, which is generally not typical for BMW, where other technical values ​​are paramount. The car spends a little more than 5 liters of heavy fuel in the combined cycle. At the same time, the model is also the fastest in the segment. How do you like this “symbiosis”? With a low power of 184 forces, the engine gives out a torsion moment of 380 Hm, which can be put on a par with the parameters of a sports car. It’s probably not difficult to imagine how this car behaves on the track, accelerating in a hundred in 7 seconds.

Paired with a diesel engine, only a manual transmission is supplied, with perfectly selected gear numbers. There is a gripe about the “rudeness” of the clutch, which, with inaccurate pedal operation, makes the car literally rip from the spot. No matter what they say, well-known aggressive habits in the car dominate. This is not surprising, because she is a true representative of BMW.

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The success of this car was a foregone conclusion even before the presentation to its audience of experts. The latter, and not only they, belong to cars from Germany with vigorous interest, sometimes bordering on bias, especially when it comes to crossover.

The “premium” segment. It all started with it, or rather, with its next bestseller Audi Q7, a car that has gained enormous popularity in the global auto market for full-size crossovers. But many were not satisfied with its dimensions, they say why you need such a large car, it’s inconvenient to cope with it In addition, paying attention to this, engineers from Ingolstadt soon offered users a more modest crossover – the Audi Q5, which exactly repeated the success of its older “brother”, and in some ways even surpassed it.

The prototype platform for the Audi Q3 was the base of the Audi A4 wagon, which also had to share some power plants, the type of suspension, and steering mechanism. All four-wheel drive versions of the Q5 trim levels have a traditional quattro transmission equipped with a differential between the Torsen axles. When the car is running without load, it distributes the torsion moment, in a ratio of 40/60, to the front and rear axles, respectively.

Having the function of stopping wheel rotation during slipping, which is not a complete lock, the car is not designed to overcome difficult off-road conditions, although it has a high ground clearance of 200 mm. The parameters, of course, are encouraging, but slipping to the crossover is contraindicated, since there is a risk of transmission overheating. In general, the car is more likely a highway than an off-road.

Today, the line of power units is represented by a gasoline engine with a turbocharger 2.0 / 211, as well as a V6 3.0 / 240 and a pair of diesels 4 and 6 cylinders, with turbines. The basic gasoline versions work with the S-Tronic transmission unit (7 gears), but there are also options with manual transmissions (6 gears) that operate with a diesel 2-liter engine. On all, without exception, V6 units, only the proprietary S-Tronic was installed.

The new Q5 is considered to be compact, but 5 people in its cabin feel quite comfortable. The luggage compartment volume is 540 liters, with a large number of organizers for convenience. The interior arrangement (in the basic version) includes power accessories, heated windows and mirrors, airbag (6 pillows), air conditioning, CD-player, parking sensors, and biksenon. In the “top” trim levels car leather interior.

The Q5 crossover is distinguished by a high level of fuel economy, but it is very “gluttonous” when it comes to engine oil: for 1 thousand km. it will require up to 0.5 liters, moreover, developers find this figure quite normal and foreseen. A number of minor complaints were voiced about gasoline engines during operation, and diesel engines deserve the highest rating due to their reliability, durability, and from time to time only require replacement of spark plugs and fuel injectors. In general, Audi got the opportunity to once again demonstrate the high quality of its cars, which, in fact, no one doubted.

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The recently appeared Nissan Terrano, but a technological copy of Renault Duster can not be called. The car was prepared for export to India, but, as you know, it is possible that domestic users will also see something interesting for themselves in this compact crossover.

The appearance of the new Terrano generation was by no means spontaneous, all that the developers of the alliance are projecting and then putting into practice has good reason. Let’s recall his relative in the production hall, the Renault Daster crossover, which “there aren’t enough stars from the sky”, and no one counted on it, but it fulfills the labor and money invested in it in good faith, especially if versions with all-wheel drive are meant.

But there are always reasons that prevent a car from selling more efficiently. In the case of Daster, this is certainly the image of a crossover, simple and inexpensive, as well as the exterior, which, unfortunately for the alliance’s marketers, is not impressive. Apparently for this reason, the company decided to improve the situation in the line of compact crossovers and develop another car, improving its appearance, and at the same time the name – Nissan Terrano.

Everything is fine with the design of this model, many motorists have a memory of a strong mid-range crossover, with good power and, accordingly, cross-country ability. There are also awards in the arsenal of the model, for example, he distinguished himself in a rally in Dakar in 1999 and was awarded as the best SUV with a diesel engine.

It should be noted the excellent work of designers with the exterior of the body. The car resembles Nissan SUVs of more expensive classes. The interior of the car has also improved, the colors of the skin are well selected, and high-quality materials have been used. The climate control system has replenished with an additional option that allows you to adjust the air flow to the rear row passengers.

The export line offers Terrano in 3 versions. One with a gasoline engine of 1.6 liters, and the second with diesel (85/110). But, most annoyingly, a crossover with such an impressive pedigree, began to arrive in India only in front-wheel drive transmission trim levels. Therefore, the machine does not ship to other countries. For example, with us, without all-wheel drive and with such low-powered ICEs, the success of the crossover falls into a big question, although the Renault-Nissan alliance can easily correct the situation. In the meantime, Terrano, this is a modernized Daster, more expensive, but probably it suits the company’s marketing.

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The new Ferrari received four seats in the cabin and four-wheel drive. Frightened observers called this car a hypercar, pushing it forward even in that superclass that Ferrari never left. In 2011, this model was proposed as a full replacement for the older Ferrari 612. And even then it looked very impressive and for the first time they offered a 12-cylinder full-size engine with an incredible power of 651 liters for the first time. from. against the background of all-wheel drive. The need for the latter was disputed for a long time and could not understand, but the general positive impression remained.

The famous Pininfarina, led by the chief designer of Ferrari herself, the great Flavio Manzoni, developed this monster. This version of the Ferrari will be the first to receive a production engine of this type and with so many cylinders..

Ferrari FF returned to the concept of an explosive brake, which was forgotten some time ago, and again begins to gain popularity among the most powerful manufacturers, including supercars. The super engine under the hood FF has air cooling, direct injection and 12 cylinders. Such a set was previously presented in an experimental version in Enzo, but along with all-wheel drive – not yet. As designers notice, if there is such a need, power can be transmitted from the handle directly to the front wheels through a second gearbox, which is located under the engine.

FF is unlike ordinary all-wheel drive SUVs or supercars – it does not have a center differential; instead of it, as is customary for this brand – a separate rear-wheel drive, from which power is transmitted through the rear axle through a 7-speed gearbox – automatic with double clutch. And even if the driver needed the front axle, the power goes there through an additional gearbox. In addition, of the two gearboxes on the front, none has a match with the rear. To ensure that the wheel speeds did not match, two special couplings had to be put in the front box. They play the role of a differential in front, but here it is not only driven by traction, but also provides torque, which is aimed at improving handling. The advantage here is very solid: such a system allows you to create an all-wheel drive clutch, but without significant changes in the weight of the machine. Weighted the car only by 45 kg, and the lack of a differential in the front minimized low sensitivity on the steering.

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