Electric car Toyota Prius 2

Electric car Toyota Prius

Electric car Toyota Prius

Electric car Toyota Prius 3

For many inhabitants, in the good sense of the word, the term hybrid is associated with a car, which, due to its mass character, has become a “classic of the genre.” With a hybrid Japanese electric car Toyota Prius motorists met in the last 20th century. The conveyor with the first model was launched in 1997. Of the 355,000 electric vehicles that were released, most remained in Japan; the rest of the hybrids went to the United States and delighted the people of sunny California. In other countries, only single copies.

Since then, the Toyota Prius Hybrid has undergone 4 serious “plastic surgeries” and its fifth version, assembled at Toyota’s automobile plants in Japan and China, flies like hot cakes to many countries around the world. Even on Russian roads, several hundred Priuses of various versions are already running. And, according to the reviews of numerous owners, they are satisfied with the efficiency and comfort of their cars. There is a saying: “as you call a yacht, so it will sail.” “Prius” is “going ahead.” Well called. Swims well. In the United States, the second Prius even visited the car of the year. Buyers of the fifth version now even have the opportunity to order a solar battery as an additional option. The solar battery works exclusively on the climate control system and during the movement of the car and in the parking lot and at the same time continuously maintains the optimum temperature in the cabin.

However, for this “barrel of honey” there is a small “fly in the ointment.” This is the absence in most countries of a full-fledged service traction batteries. When this main unit fails, even the Americans have to order it in Japan. About the Russian owners all the more you can not stutter. At the same time, an inexplicable paradox is observed: as part of an electric vehicle, its traction battery has one declared price, and when replacing it, it’s completely different, with one and a half and even twice as much.

Many users note another feature of the Prius – the lack of idle. Often, a newcomer who first drives a car and presses the Power button sits and waits for the engine to start working. And the engine is silent. The car does not drive because the Prius moves from a place exclusively on electric traction and you just need to press the gas pedal. True, in electric mode in the electric car mode, the Prius is able to drive no more than two kilometers and only at low speed. Approximately 30 kilometers per hour.

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Toyota Prius sale – the advantages and disadvantages of Toyota Prius 30

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Buying and selling a hybrid car Toyota Prius

Today, hybrid cars do not surprise anyone, in addition, many motorists were able to evaluate their advantages and disadvantages from their own experience. Among the hybrid cars, the most popular model was the Toyota Prius 30, the sale of which fully confirms this. Many people choose this car not only because of its environmental friendliness and low fuel consumption, but also due to the unusual space appearance, which the Japanese manufacturer managed to create due to the unusual decision to design the rear part in the style of a spaceship. But you can recognize the front of the third generation of Toyota Prius cars by strange headlights, the layout of which is somewhat disordered, however, everyone has different tastes. But be that as it may, but this car is bought. The sale of the Toyota Prius is also explained by the fact that in the hybrid vehicle market this is the most affordable model, which in addition to its economy and environmental friendliness also offers a good set of technical characteristics, being at the same time a good family horse.

In some countries, buying a Toyota Prius car gives motorists the opportunity to get some preferences, often in the field of taxation, which from the point of view of economy makes the purchase of a hybrid car even more profitable. However, there is one more important factor. When a motorist decides to sell a Toyota Prius hybrid with mileage, he can return almost the same amount of money that he once spent on a purchase. That is, it turns out that the secondary sale of Toyota Prius 30 will be more profitable than, for example, the sale of Toyota Prius with a conventional gasoline engine, because hybrid vehicles are less prone to cheaper than conventional gasoline and diesel cars.

The third-generation Toyota Prius hybrid car received a power plant consisting of a 99-horsepower 1.8-liter gasoline engine and a 37-horsepower electric motor, that is, a total of 136 hp. Acceleration from standstill to 100 km / h is 10.4 seconds, while the hybrid Prius is able to gain a maximum speed of 180 km / h. As for fuel consumption, in urban driving it is 3.9 liters, and on the highway it decreases to 3.5 liters per 100 km. It is fuel consumption that sometimes plays a decisive role for a car enthusiast in buying a hybrid, so if you decide to sell a Toyota Prius, do not forget to indicate this important characteristic in an ad.

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2016 Toyota Prius 16

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Toyota Prius 2016 – Even Greener

2016 Toyota Prius 17

The well-known hybrid model from Toyota, the Prius will soon be updated. What will change and appear next year? The car is very unusual, it is both boring and simple and the most technologically advanced car in the manufacturer’s lineup. It has long been in great demand abroad and is gaining momentum in Russia.

In the updated car, designers gave a more daring appearance, which is usually inherent in Lexuses and similar cars of the Japanese auto giant. Thus, turning the Prius from an inconspicuous car for a housewife into a car for the wider masses. Probably, such a cardinal step can scare away the usual consumer, but a new one does not mean a failure. The modest design was replaced by a bright and interesting look. Front and rear, the familiar features are almost not recognized, but in profile you will immediately realize that in front of you is the Toyota Prius. All this is done because it is still a family car for those who want to save and protect nature.

If the exterior of the car has changed radically, then the exterior of the change has little impact. More harsh lines and angles appeared in the cabin, a display was prescribed on the panel, traditionally informing about fuel consumption, temperature overboard and how environmentally friendly your driving style is. The steering wheel has also changed, now it is on three spokes, and on the sides there are large air conditioning grilles.

In the new version of the Prius, the power of the gasoline and electric engines were increased, which helped to improve the dynamics of the car. Also, a gasoline engine tal consume much less fuel. The dynamics of the car are complemented by a new platform on which the Prius.

The updated car has become safer, LED lighting, which used to be done only with an additional option, is now standard, and this is not just a design technique, it is a good addition to active safety. The Prius is also equipped with a proprietary electronic security system. She monitors the road and can distinguish between pedestrians, as well as nearby cars.

The Prius of 2016 has high hopes, every year the sales of hybrids fall, albeit slowly, but still. Recently, electric cars have been in great competition and if the Prius, as the flagship, does not set a new development wind, then soon these cars will disappear from the market.

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Why burn inverters at 30 Prius

Before summer arrived in the Urals, 30 Priuses were massively taken to our hybrid service for repairs. Why? After all, it should be even more reliable than 20 Prius!

But in fact, in the first two weeks of the heat that hit the Urals, 30 Prius are leaders in the number of faults!

The main reasons for handling: failure of the air conditioning system and malfunction of the inverter.

But the cause of failure of these seemingly unrelated systems lies on the surface.
Let’s look at it as an example brought today from Tyumen Prius in a 30 body.

So what do we have?
The owner, Alexander, talks about the cause of the breakdown: he was driving around the city, didn’t touch anyone, was happy about the warm sunny day. Suddenly the car died out. On the monitor the inscription: “check the hybrid system.” All dances with a tambourine in the form of kicking on the wheel, rubbing the windshield and dropping the negative terminal did not lead to anything …

So the car and its owner were with us.
Diagnostic results are disappointing for the owner: the power module in the inverter has failed.
But if you stupidly replace the inverter with a working one, then in 99% of cases, if the cause of the inverter failure has not been established, then the new inverter will suffer the same fate. Therefore, our first and main task is to find the BASIC REASON for the inverter to fail..

First of all, we check the windings of the motor-generators for breakdown (we check the resistance of the windings to ground with a megger). The ringing results show that everything is okay with the windings..
We move on to the next, most common cause of failure of inverters.
What do you think it might be?
Right! Hybrid cooling system malfunction.
First of all, we remove and check the pump of the hybrid system. With her, everything is in order: it pumps well, the resistance of the winding is normal.
The next component of the cooling system is the radiator. It’s quite difficult to get close to it: you need to remove the front bumper, the active cruise control system (on models with this system). Remove the top bar of the TV.

Toyota Prius 30 24

We see the radiator of the hybrid system, which is located on the radiator of the air conditioner. Outside, radiator pollution does not seem critical at all:

Toyota Prius 30 25

But let’s split (split) the air conditioning and ICE radiators and take a look between them:

Toyota Prius 30 26

Here it is already clearly visible that the radiator of the hybrid system cannot work properly, since the radiator of the ICE has a dense curtain of dirt that prevents air from passing between the cells and cool the coolant (antifreeze).
The owner also said that he noticed that the air conditioner began to work much worse than last year. He was not so quickly creating a life-giving coolness in the cabin.
Let’s look even deeper between the radiators:

Toyota Prius 30 27

As we see, all the cells opposite the air conditioning radiator are also clogged with dirt, and at the bottom there is a mummified body of some kind of bird …
This is the reason for the failure of the second 30 Prius system in the heat – climate control system!

We clean the radiators (all three), install a new inverter and the car comes to life.
Only now the owner can be sure that the new inverter will serve faithfully for more than one year!

“Are the inverters currently installed on the prizes different from earlier versions, are they more protected from combustion or not?”

There are a lot of such questions (on the labeling and differences of inverters on the 30 Prius). Therefore, now I will try to classify them a little:
1. The very first inverter that was installed on all Priuses in a 30 body for all markets (Japan, Europe, America) was the G92AO-47030 inverter. It was produced (installed) on cars from April 2009 to July 2011.
2. Since August 2011, the G92AO-47031 inverter has been launched for all markets. Its fundamental difference from the previous one is in replacing some components with components of another manufacturer (Toyota explained this). It didn’t add any reliability. And it was released until December 2011, i.e. only 5 months.
3. He was replaced in December 2011 by the inverter G92AO-47040. In it, on the same elemental base, the fastening of the power module was changed. But he didn’t get better off from it, and they also burn with a “blue flame”. The Japanese understood this three months later (in March 2012)..
4. Then they went the other way and changed the manufacturer of the inverter. Another company started producing it under the contract and it is labeled G9200-49025. Inverters with this marking have been available since March 2012. For cars manufactured for the regions of Japan and America, these inverters are still installed..
5. But for Europe in January 2014, G9200-49065 inverters began to be produced. They began to be delivered as spare parts in Japan and America. In this inverter, the color marking of some wires is changed and the moisture protection is improved. But again, it didn’t add reliability much: how they failed, and so do.
6. The most recent inverter modification that I know today is the G9200-49075. This modification of inverters is installed at the factory on all Priuses issued for Europe since April 2014. In terms of reliability, I can only say one thing: we do not have such used cars in Russia yet, since these machines are not yet passable, but I know one case of the failure of such an inverter on a dealer car sold in Russia in November 2014. So the problem with the reliability of 30 inverters is not solved to this day.

Well, finally, the tip: Do not bring your iron horses to the point where you “get” to a completely cheap replacement inverter. After all, it’s much easier and cheaper to prevent this disease – to clean the radiators and check the entire cooling system before the hot summer season!

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Today in our “Hybrid Service”, on her graphite beauty, Svetlana Borisovna from the city of N-Tagil came to visit.

Toyota Prius 20 33

The reason for referring to the words of Svetlana Borisovna: “it’s very cold in the car in the winter and the ICE is constantly overheating in the summer … Before the coming winter I want to put the car’s heating system in order. I contacted several services in N-Tagil and Yekaterinburg, but they just shrug their hands …”

A competent diagnostician of such communication with the client is already enough to determine the possible cause of the malfunction. But in order to verify our suspicions, we look into the engine compartment. Two to three seconds and the reason is found!

And you guessed what is the cause of this malfunction?

The cause of the malfunction was found, but now we need to find the one through whose fault Svetlana Borisovna suffered so much time …

We ask her when and where she changed the drive belt of mounted units.

Svetlana Borisovna did not put a question to the dead end – in the glove compartment she has a complete history of servicing her car with ordering outfits. And here he is this order-outfit:

Toyota Prius 20 34

Another 08.07.2015 year, i.e. more than two years ago in a car service, IP Soshnikova D.A. in the city of N-Tagil, she changed the ICE pump and the drive belt of mounted units.

Now, I think that everyone understood the cause of the malfunction: on the contrary, a “competent” Tagil service mechanic put on a drive belt for mounted units!

As a result, the ICE pump began to spin in the other direction! Accordingly, in the winter, hot antifreeze did not pump through the stove, and in the summer the internal combustion engine was constantly overheating.

What can I say? Only: “Tagil rules!”

We put on the belt, as expected, and a miracle happened – hot air began to come into the cabin from the stove!

For two years, the belt “gnawed” on the pulley of the pump three grooves that were clearly visible even with no armed eyes. (in this photo the belt is already worn by us correctly)

Toyota Prius 20 35

And here is a photo of how “wrong” was put on the belt on this engine.

Toyota Prius 20 36

This photo was taken on an already taken ICE from another machine, on which, due to overheating, the ICE “led” the head of the ICE block. And you guessed it right, the client of this car also changed the drive belt of mounted units in the city of N-Tagil. We will not claim to be in the same car service, as the customer did not save the order-order. But I think that all owners of cars serviced in Tagil should be careful.

And Svetlana Borisovna was lucky. The entire repair of the “stove and cooling system” resulted in only 200 rubles, i.e. in the cost of changing the belt.
Good luck on the road!

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