Experts told what threatens to ride on the "reserve" 2

Experts told what threatens to ride on the “reserve”

Experts told what threatens to ride on the “reserve”

In the spring, broken roads become unpredictable, and each pit threatens with a loss of tire integrity. A spare tire in our area is as necessary as a head on shoulders. But what will happen if you put one “dokatka” or “spare tire” with a summer tread on a set of winter tires?

Most modern cars come off the assembly line fully equipped with a full-fledged spare tire or a “dokatka”. By default, they are equipped with summer or all-weather tires. According to Nokian Tires tire experts, the consequences of riding such a wheel in the winter season can be sad.

Many drivers of modern cars are accustomed to relying on modern technologies that control the torque between the wheels in cars, but with poor quality road surface the system can easily fail. Lack of uniform grip on wheels threatens to lose control of the machine.

Rotational effect

If the spare wheel is mounted on the front wheel, during intensive braking, the car will begin to turn around the wheel with better grip. The process develops very quickly and leaves very little time for reaction, so even experienced drivers risk traveling far beyond their lane.

Skidding

If the spare wheel is mounted on the rear wheel, when braking and especially when cornering, the unloaded rear axle of the vehicle can skid. In the case of front-wheel drive cars, the skid is adjusted by aligning the steering wheel and adding gas, if the drive is rear, it will be much more difficult to catch the car.

Experts told what threatens to ride on the "reserve" 3

Increased stopping distance

In the fight against the above effects, the driver will be helped by the ABS system and the stabilization of the car. However, their help will have a side effect – a significant lengthening of the braking distance of the car, especially if there is snow or ice under the wheels.

If, however, the driver of a front-wheel drive or four-wheel drive car has to use a summer spare wheel or a dokatka, it is better to put it on the rear axle – even if the front wheel bursts and this means twice as much work. Drive carefully, at a low speed, do not make sudden movements with the wheel and brake smoothly before turns. And as soon as it becomes possible to repair the tire or put a new one – do it immediately.

For a rear-wheel drive car, the use of a summer spare tire in winter conditions is generally not recommended: when installing in the front, there will be problems with stability on braking, when installing in the rear – with a drive during acceleration.

Ideally, regardless of the type of car drive, owners are strongly advised to take care of selecting tires for a spare tire for the season. Only in this way can you guarantee yourself that there are no problems with handling in difficult driving conditions on winter Ukrainian roads.

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Great SUVs for any ride 9

Great SUVs for any ride

Great SUVs for any ride

Great SUVs for any ride 10

Very often there is a need to buy a cross-country vehicle or as it is also called an SUV. For example, for trips to the country, hunting or fishing. In this case, it is very important to decide on the choice of a vehicle that really suits your driving style and the condition of the terrain on which you will drive. Currently, among the many important points that you need to pay attention to when buying such a vehicle, two main ones can be distinguished:

– machine uptime and increased power;

– safety and comfort of the driver and all passengers.

Based on the above criteria, we consider several options for SUVs.

Consider a Ford Explorer with a powerful 3.5-liter engine. Can produce 290 hp and 6500 rpm. Such indicators indicate that you can easily overcome any obstacles on a dirt road. Its security system has been rated by 5 stars by experts and specialized websites. On the market you can find both all-wheel drive and front-wheel drive version. In addition, the car provides such amenities for passengers as leather-covered seats, a wonderful entertainment center, climate control, etc..

Land Rover LR4 is armed with a 5.0-liter engine. This car can give you 375 liters. s., but be prepared for the fact that you have to spend a lot of money on fuel. Perhaps this option is very expensive for you. There is a passive and active security system, which is one of the best in its class. The car is ideal for long trips and travel..

Grand Cherokee jeep with a 3.6-liter engine can produce 290hp at 6400 rpm. Its maneuverability and responsiveness is beyond doubt. Add pleasure during the trip will help cruise control. This driver’s safety car pays a lot of attention. Everyone who was inside speaks excellently of a comfortable and comfortable interior with leather seats for which heating is provided, an audio system, a GPS navigation system, etc..

Suzuki Grand Vitara. This SUV can be a very good option. Having a 2.4-liter engine that produces 166 hp, it is able to perfectly adapt to any road. Side steps and alloy wheels allow it to have an unrivaled appearance. The child seat allows you to transport children under 13 years old without any danger.

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How not to ride in winter: the main mistakes of drivers 16

How not to ride in winter: the main mistakes of drivers

How not to ride in winter: the main mistakes of drivers

Friends! Summer is over and a long time ago. Periodic charges of snow and temperature surges are already making adjustments to the style of driving. The main thing is not to break firewood.

In winter, not the peasant triumphs on the roads, but human stupidity, carelessness and denseness. We know, it sounds tough, but drivers are often completely unprepared for difficult weather conditions and make mistakes that can be avoided even in the absence of contra-emergency training. Some trifling and annoying, others can cost a life.

Cuddle to the front of the car

The summer habit of driving “bumper to bumper” often leads to accidents even on asphalt hot from the scorching sun, and even more so in winter, under difficult conditions. What can happen with chronic distance incontinence, we hope, is clear even to a beginner: any unexpectedly sharp braking of the car in front is guaranteed to end with an “arrival” in its rear bumper.

How not to ride in winter: the main mistakes of drivers 17

For example, a driver who is trite better than a tire saw the pedestrian at the very last moment and pressed the brake on the floor, hoping that the guy behind was keeping the distance. In general, do not hesitate to keep your distance, increasing it as road conditions deteriorate and speed increases.

Get carried away by speed

Too active and thoughtless actions with the gas pedal in winter are fraught with unpleasant consequences. The most obvious option is the inability to stop on time due to the high speed of movement. Another example is turning speed too fast. In winter, such a mistake in the absence of proper skills can get sideways in the literal sense.

Frightened that the car refuses to turn, the driver will surely drop gas sharply or stomp the brake pedal, and then in a panic will turn the steering wheel. All this will lead to a loss of stability in the bend and the inevitable departure from the trajectory. Slow down in advance, drive the car along the arc in smooth movements and on even traction.

Turn the steering wheel “under the gas”

When everything is white and white, you should remember the basic rules for accident-free acceleration. Acceleration should be performed on straight wheels, otherwise the maneuver may end in a U-turn and stormy applause from others. Snow slopes should also be crossed on straight wheels.

Remember: in winter there is no place for sharpness in movements and there should be no liberties that we allow ourselves in the summer, hoping for the coupling properties of tires and clean warm asphalt. Everything needs to be done smoothly and ahead of time..

Brake in a skid

The left pedal may seem to some to be a life-saving tool and a panacea – I pressed it and all the problems were resolved, the car braked once! But it’s one thing to urgently extinguish speed in a straight line, and it’s quite another to use the brake when the car has lost control.

How not to ride in winter: the main mistakes of drivers 18

To brake in a turn or while sliding (it does not matter whether it is skidding or demolition), you need to be very careful – otherwise you can break even more firewood. When skidding on a rear-wheel drive vehicle, try to gently release the gas, and on the front-wheel drive, add traction. But if the situation is hopeless and the car cannot be leveled, put the wheels straight and hit the brake pedal with all your might. Such advice is given even in the most advanced winter driving schools: modern cars are equipped with multi-channel ABS systems, which by controlling the slippage of each wheel will help to level the car and at the same time slow it down.

Another mistake in the event of a skid is being late with corrective actions by the steering wheel, coupled with the wrong grip. The biggest problem is that taxiing errors tend to accumulate like a snowball and by the third “whip” the car becomes completely uncontrollable.

Blindly Believe Electronics

In more or less modern cars, all kinds of electronic driver assistance are often found. Vigilantly watching “guards” – this is an absolute blessing, because they are really able to prevent a serious accident. But the safety electronics also have a downside – it relaxes the driver great. Some motorists may decide that in the event of an emergency, you do not even need to touch the steering wheel – the machine will do everything itself. But this is not so. If you started to spin, then the assistants are over – physics has begun.

How not to ride in winter: the main mistakes of drivers 19

Stability control systems work in different ways: on some cars they allow slight slipping, on others they are nipped from the bud. The operation of the anti-lock brake system also depends on the type of coating – on some it is perfectly tuned, and on others – on loose and loose surfaces or on rough roads – it can increase the braking distance.

Overestimate four-wheel drive

The four leaders, given the nature of winters in central Russia, are a very useful thing, but it also needs to be able to use it. Some drivers are perplexed – how is it that their modern sophisticated crossover has turned across the road, and conclude that they sold a bad car to them. But the problem is not in the car, but in the drivers.

All-wheel drive systems are globally diverse. Say, the differential connection of the front axle (part-time), which can only be found on hardcore SUVs, is one thing. Quite another – a transmission with a mechanical center differential with constant torque distribution or the BMW xDrive system, is able to redistribute torque between the front and rear axles, changing the nature of handling. Four-wheel drive is a necessary and important thing, but nobody canceled the laws of physics: cars with all driving wheels accelerate faster than single-drive, but they brake all cars equally. Don’t forget about it.

Ride winter without skills

The poor preparation of many drivers for the winter, the lack of an elementary understanding of the process of driving and the lack of desire to acquire important skills often do not allow you to safely get out of even the most difficult situations. Do not be lazy to learn the intricacies of aerobatics – attend emergency courses, train in closed areas, learn all the features of driving your own car in safe conditions – perhaps someday this invaluable experience will allow you to avoid a serious accident.

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How to ride in the rain: expert advice 25

How to ride in the rain: expert advice

How to ride in the rain: expert advice

In past days, the weather did not please the inhabitants of our country.

A round-the-clock rain afflicted not only pedestrians who were soaked to the skin, but also drivers who, among other things, had to be doubly careful not to accidentally fly into a deep pit flooded with water, or have time to brake, in front of an obstacle hidden by poor visibility. In the rain, drivers face a greater danger on the road than in dry weather.

How to ride in the rain: expert advice 26

Remember that ABS does not shorten braking distance

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How to ride in the rain safely 31

How to ride in the rain safely

How to ride in the rain safely

One of the biggest challenges for drivers is riding in the rain. Probably, many may think that there is nothing complicated here, but you should not draw hasty conclusions.

Highly limited visibility, unreliable adhesion of the wheels to the road surface, deterioration of the brakes – all this can cause loss of control and an emergency. If you drive a car very often and have repeatedly been exposed to rain, then check out useful information on how to drive safely in the rain.

Drivers too confident in themselves do not slow down even in rainy weather, but with such a rash act they create a danger, both for themselves and for other road users. In rainy weather, it is recommended to move no faster than 70 km / h. The fact is that at a higher speed, water does not have time to get out from under the wheels of the car and as a result, the car moves along a thin water cushion. This effect is called aquaplaning. Of course, in such conditions, without a reliable grip, the car can simply spin and demolish from the road. It doesn’t matter at all how powerful the car will be, how many electronic assistants it will have, what drive, how expensive and high-quality tires are installed when you lose control – all this will not be important. Therefore, it is highly recommended not to exceed the speed barrier of 70 km / h.

How to ride in the rain safely 32

Another problem that manifests itself during rain is an increase in the braking distance. Water entering the brake disc and brake pads reduces the effectiveness of the brakes and as a result, the braking ability of the car is significantly reduced. As a result, we repeat once again that you should not rush at high speed, in addition, in rainy weather you need to keep a distance in order to be able to stop in time and not hit the car in front.

In rain, visibility is greatly reduced, therefore, set the wipers to work at the most comfortable speed so that they can provide you with an acceptable level of visibility. But when rebuilding, or cornering, you must be as careful as possible, because in the rain it is extremely difficult to see something in the rear-view mirrors. In heavy rain, it is recommended to turn on dipped headlights or PTF so that drivers moving in the oncoming lane can see you from afar. Therefore, it is better not to take risks once again, but to move slowly, without endangering oneself. After all, it’s not for nothing that a well-known proverb exists – “you go quietly – you will continue”.

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