Energy-saving tires advantages and disadvantages 2

Energy-saving tires advantages and disadvantages

Energy-saving tires advantages and disadvantages

Energy-saving tires advantages and disadvantages 3

It is immediately worth noting that energy-saving tires are the most environmentally friendly and quite economical option in terms of gas mileage. Such rubber has certain advantages, the main of which is environmental friendliness, which consists in significantly reducing the impact of harmful substances. This is achieved by reducing such an indicator as rolling resistance.

Updated environmental standards state that the emission of harmful substances should not exceed one hundred and twenty grams per kilometer. Of course, car manufacturers should focus on this indicator and ensure its normative level. All this is achieved by certain modifications. Or you can achieve a significant reduction in emissions through the installation of energy-efficient tires. Thanks to the replacement of rubber, it is possible to reduce the release of carbon dioxide in the air up to 5 grams per kilometer.

Since our motorists are more focused not on environmental friendliness of tires, but on fuel economy, in this case the benefit is obvious. Take for example, if the mileage for a new energy-saving tire is forty-five thousand kilometers, then if you save within two hundred grams of gasoline per hundred kilometers, you can eventually save up for new rubber. If everything is led to comparable values, then buying a set of energy-saving rubber, you will get a bonus – the cost of another tire, obtained due to fuel economy.

It should be noted that the environmental friendliness of rubber and the possibility of saving fuels and lubricants in no way affect the deterioration of the adhesion of the wheels of the car with asphalt. Thus, professionals from the famous Michelin brand organized and conducted test tests of cars that are equipped with energy-saving tires. The test result was pleased – energy-saving tires showed much better technical qualities than ordinary.

But for high quality, environmental friendliness and safety, you will have to pay a little more, although it’s worth it. When choosing new tires with a high level of environmental friendliness, it is worth paying attention to special marking. Note that many well-known car manufacturers, such as Toyota, equip their new cars with energy-efficient tires immediately..

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Tires on a Chevrolet field - features of the choice of off-road and winter tires 9

Tires on a Chevrolet field – features of the choice of off-road and winter tires

Tires on a Chevrolet field - features of the choice of off-road and winter tires

Tires on Chevrolet Niva – a review of the best mud and winter tires

How to choose off-road and winter tires on a Chevrolet Niva

In the hinterland, most motorists are forced to move around in UAZ and Niva. These are two Russian bestsellers who have proven that they were created exclusively for our roads and off-road. Only one car to confidently conquer the terrain will not be enough, you still need to choose the right off-road tires on the Chevrolet Niva, and of course, regularly check the tire pressure of the Chevrolet Niva.

So, let’s try to figure out how to properly shoe the Niva so that it can please its off-road qualities.

What tire size does the manufacturer set for the Chevrolet Niva? This is the usual tires Kama size 185/75 R16. It is worth emphasizing that the tread of such tires immediately becomes clogged with dirt, so it will be difficult to conquer even light off-road tires on them, and indeed such a tire size on the Chevrolet Niva does not fit at all, because because of it the car’s landing is too low.

The modern market is very diverse, so picking up mud tires for the Niva will not be difficult, but before you do this, decide whether you want to improve the patency of the car. If yes, then keep in mind that the easiest option to do this is to pick up larger off-road tires on the Niva, for example, 205/70 / R16. We emphasize that these tires on the Chevrolet Niva get up without any modifications and elevators. Tires of Kama Flame have such a size, they drive more or less in the dirt and are inexpensive, but they are not very much compared to foreign counterparts, since there are several times cooler options on the market. Let’s have a short review.

1. Off-road tires on the Chevrolet Niva Cordiant Offroad. In villages and villages this is the most popular tires, and since they are so popular, it means their cross-country ability is at the highest level..

2. Mud tires on the Chevrolet Niva Kumho Road Venture M / T71 are more expensive, but they are distinguished by excellent cross-country ability due to the very large tread pattern, and they grind very slowly on asphalt. This rubber is soft, so it is great for moving in marshy areas and on wet soil, for example, in the spring in the fields. To increase their cross-country ability to lower the pressure in the tires of the Chevrolet Niva to 0.8 atm.

3. The legendary off-road tires on the Niva BF Goodrich Mud Terrain T / A KM2 are also good, but due to the strong publicity of this brand, tires are very expensive. This rubber perfectly conquers any dirt thanks to the large tread pattern.

4. Hankook Dynapro MT RT03 tires are also considered to be well-known and expensive and they have the same terrain as the previous brand. These Korean tires on Chevrolet Niva are sturdy, soft, wear-resistant, high-quality and passable..

5. Rubber Federal Couragia M / T is included in the list of the best mud tires, has a more angry, aggressive and very large tread pattern, it is extremely soft, but it quickly grinds on asphalt. These tires are ideal for clay and soft soils, but are very rare on sale, so it will be difficult to buy them.

So, off-road, it seems, sorted out. Another problem is the choice of winter tires for Niva. Experts advise choosing winter tires for Niva Chevrolet in sizes 215 / 65R16 and 98T 215 / 65R15 98H, as these are the most optimal options for this car. But the most important thing is to choose this or that brand.

On the modern market, the most popular special winter tires Michelin Latitude Alpin, which were created for four-wheel drive cars, are ideal for regular weather changes, and thanks to the rounded profile, additional grip is also created with the road surface in corners.

Studded winter tires for the Chevrolet Niva from General Tire Altimax Arctic are designed for use at low temperatures and not only in the city, but also in extreme field conditions.

Functional winter tires Nokian Hakkapelita R were specially developed for the north of Europe, their road behavior and quality do not depend on sudden changes in weather conditions and the degree of wear. In addition, they also reduce fuel consumption by half a liter..

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Tire Fitting - Tires and Wheels 15

Tire Fitting – Tires and Wheels

Tire service

Replacing summer tires with winter tires is not a reason to relax. In addition to tire fitting, experts recommend balancing the wheels, as well as adjusting them for “alignment”. A review of the portal www.doroga78.ru is devoted to the importance of these procedures and the prices of service stations and service centers.

Tire + balancing + editing a bare disk

Tire prices depend solely on the diameter of the wheel. So in St. Petersburg the average cost of “re-shoeing” 1 wheels of different sizes is as follows:

R 13 – 200 rubles;
R 14 – 250 rubles;
R 15 – 300 rubles.

As a rule, tire fitting is accompanied by balancing. On average, you should pay 300 rubles for tire fitting and balancing one R13 wheel, the cost of balancing weights is already included.

The observer of the portal www.doroga78.ru was told in detail about balancing weights in one of the city’s workshops “:” by the type of material they are of 3 types: iron, aluminum and adhesive, by weight – from 5 g to 100 g, by price – from 5 to 20 rubles. ” Adhesive loads are the most expensive, they are designed for alloy wheels.

At another wheel repair station, an observer at the portal www.doroga78.ru was told that “disassembling, assembling, balancing 4 R14 wheels with steel wheels will cost 1,500 rubles.” If the wheels turn out to be faulty, they will be corrected: editing 1 bare disk costs 100 rubles.

About the importance of the camber / toe adjustment

After mounting and balancing it will not hurt to go through the alignment. When is it needed? Specialists call the following cases:

after repair of a running gear;
if the car leads away (“taxiing” is required), especially when braking, or if the car does not “keep” the road well;
with increased and / or uneven wear of rubber;
with increased noise in the power steering system, a knock in the steering mechanism, as well as with noise from tires during movement;
with poor steering self-return after exiting the turn;
with “strange sounds” in the extreme positions of the steering wheel, when the stops on the bipod touch the side members;
after running in a new car.
It is also recommended to check the “wheel alignment” of the wheels after a “hard” collision of a car with an obstacle that caused damage to the suspension or deformation of the disks.

Improper wheel balancing and dynamic imbalance lead to wheel vibration, which, in turn, “breaks” the steering and suspension elements. The work done improves the stability of the car, its handling and maneuverability, as well as reduce the tendency to drift, provide a good rollback. In addition, properly performed work increases the life of the tires..

Wheel alignment prices

Prices for “balancing + camber / toe for owners of cars and SUVs start from 250 rubles per 1 wheel and depend on the complexity of the work performed. The time required to complete the work is up to 1 hour. At the same time, the preliminary recording significantly reduces the time spent on the client..

The prices for tire fitting, balancing and wheel alignment are almost the same for different enterprises. The problem is that not all workshops work according to the complex principle: many offer tire service + balancing, while a minority offer tire service + balancing + wheel alignment.

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Six Misconceptions When Using Winter Tires - Tires and Wheels 21

Six Misconceptions When Using Winter Tires – Tires and Wheels

Six misconceptions when using winter tires

Winter tires are justified even on one axle.

This is the most common mistake among motorists. Thus, on the ‘Lada’ is solved only the problem of patency and pulling away. In this configuration, the “classic” will turn badly and slow down – the front wheels remain “slippery”, and it is the front wheel that provides braking and handling.

But the worst thing happens when owners of front-wheel drive cars save on winter tires. It would seem that by installing such wheels in front, all the problems of cross-country ability, start-up, braking and handling are solved – after all, the front drive wheels provide all this. There comes a feeling of calm and permissiveness. And then a terrible thing happens.

On one of the slippery turns, the rear axle suddenly breaks into a skid, and the docile still car suddenly turns backwards and flies out of the way. The only way out of this situation is to add gas to get the car out of skidding. But it’s very difficult morally (the action is unnatural to normal human reactions, I really want to dump or slow down the gas), and there is usually not enough space for such actions on the road.

Do not save on winter tires, especially on front-wheel drive – such savings will come sideways. Put winter tires on all four wheels!

The spike only works on clean, dry ice more than 1 mm thick..

Again the delusion of pure water. The spike always works – both on snow and on any ice, even very thin. And even on wet, with a layer of water on top. True, its effectiveness in the latter case is greatly reduced. But any, even the best tire without studs in such a situation behaves much worse!

On clean asphalt, the spikes are dull.

Yes, but only on tires that are not designed for studding. By the way, even the all-season BL-85 can be found with spikes on sale – such studded tires will last quite a while. In good tread (its drawing, cutting), the rubber composition and spikes are selected so that everything wears out at the same time. In this case, the size of the tongue protrusion above the tire surface remains unchanged. By the way, it is not entirely correct to say that the braking distance on asphalt due to spikes will increase. Indeed, it can increase if slowed down by ‘use’. But if on the ice it is necessary to slow down not ‘on the floor’, then on the asphalt, then why do this?

Loss of 2-3 spikes leads to an imbalance.

This assumption applies only to tires studded with random spikes. A branded car spike today weighs within one gram, so the loss of even three neighboring ones will result in an imbalance of no more than three grams.

Tire pressure should be reduced on slippery roads.

Absolutely wrong actions, as this increases the area of ​​the contact patch of the tire with the road, which leads to a decrease in specific pressure. As a result, tire grip on slippery roads will deteriorate.

Intermittent braking reduces braking distance.

Unfortunately, among motorists there is a similar opinion. And again this is a delusion! The braking distance with the ‘skid’ on a slippery road is always less than with intermittent braking. He who does not believe can verify himself. Not only that – the difference in braking distances (‘use’ and intermittently) in slippery tires will be greater than in good winter.

The fact is that after the braking forces cease to act on the locked wheel, it needs to untwist, and on ice it is easier for it to slide and catch for spin. The most effective braking is on the verge of blocking (even according to theory – with 15% slippage). However, mastering this method of braking is very difficult. Moreover, one cannot demand from all ‘private traders’ the skill of jewelry work with the foot. This is where the concept of the convenience of braking, the informative behavior of the tire during braking, comes to the fore. One breaks sharply into ‘use’, the other will provide a kind of prompting jump in the effort on the brake pedals before locking even on ice.

Studded tires have an advantage over non-studded tires on the braking distance on ice from 20 to 50%, on snow – from 5 to 10, on asphalt, it increases by up to 5%, moreover, if braked by ‘use’. When starting and accelerating on ice, they win up to 30%, on snow – up to 10. What is preferred? It seems that the question: ‘How to ride: with or without spikes?’ – akin to Hamlet. Everyone must answer for himself. In addition, any tires – with and without spikes – can be good and bad. And in some situations, good studless tires may be better than bad studded tires. And we must remember that even the most seedy studded tire has less braking distance than the same studless tire. This means that in a critical situation on a road with snow and ice, the car will stop at them several meters earlier than at non-studded ones. Those same two or three meters, which are often not enough in emergency situations.

With spikes you can ride everywhere without straining. Just don’t think that even on the best studded tires the car will behave like in the summer on dry, clean asphalt! So let everyone decide for himself: ‘With or without spikes?’

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What You Need to Know About Aging Your Tires - Tires and Wheels 27

What You Need to Know About Aging Your Tires – Tires and Wheels

What you need to know about aging your tires

A tire service frequently asked question affects the life of the tire. How long will the tires last before they need to be replaced?

The answer depends on various factors, such as driving style, tread pattern, local climate, road conditions and frequency of use of the car.

One of the factors is you, the driver. As with the entire vehicle, you play a leading role in the care and maintenance of your tires. The better you look after them, the longer they will last. In addition, you are responsible for deciding whether to replace worn tires with new ones..

Use the guide below to extend the life of your tires. If you still have questions after reading this article, consult a local tire retailer with a specialist and he will be happy to help you..

Caring for tires to extend their life

Continental creates and designs tires designed for thousands of kilometers of flawless performance. Get the most out of your tires by taking care of them. This will help to prevent damage from improper use, which can shorten the life..

The conditions that your tires are exposed to during daily use are air pressure, load, speed, road damage, etc. – are the main factor determining the service life. Other factors include regular changes in installation position and proper storage. But since operating conditions vary significantly from vehicle to vehicle, from driver to driver, it is impossible to create a universal forecast for tire life.

However, you can prevent a problem and extend the life of your tires by properly servicing them. To avoid premature purchase of new tires, you should pay attention to the following points:

  • Check tire pressure regularly;
  • Change the tire mounting position between the front and rear axles and the left and right side depending on the tread pattern;
  • Maintain the correct suspension geometry and wheel alignment;
  • Check the tread for wear (1.6 mm is the minimum acceptable, but 3 mm is better for traction and traction);
  • Inspect tires for visible wear and damage;
  • Control ride quality while driving

What You Need to Know About Aging Your Tires - Tires and Wheels 28

Check tire age

Determining the age of your tires is very simple: it is written on the sidewall! You can calculate the physical age of the tire by the marking following the “DOT” symbol.

  • The last 4 digits indicate the date of manufacture of the tire with an accuracy of a week.
  • The first pair of numbers indicates the week closest to the tire production date (this indicator ranges from “01” to “53”).
  • The last pair of numbers is the year of manufacture.

For example, a tire with DOT XXXXXXX2714 was produced on the 27th week of 2014.

What to remember about old tires

When inspecting the sidewall, remember the following:

  • Tires manufactured before the year 2000 are marked with three digits instead of four to indicate the release date.
  • Continental added a triangle (◄) after the character set in the 1990s. This was done in order to distinguish tires produced in the 90s from tires of past decades..

For example, a tire labeled “DOT XXXXXXX274◄” was produced at week 27 of 1994..

What You Need to Know About Aging Your Tires - Tires and Wheels 29

How old is the tire?

Continental does not have any technical data that indicates the need to retire tires that have reached a certain age. However, the same principle applies to tires as to any other part of the car: age matters.

Together with other representatives of the automotive industry, Continental recommends removing and replacing all new tires (including spare ones) that were manufactured more than 10 years ago.

You must follow this advice, even if:

  • Tire condition seems good at visual inspection.
  • The tread has not worn to a minimum level.

In general, although a tire older than 10 years may look usable, we recommend that you purchase new tires for your car. The driver should not rely on a visual inspection for rubber cracking, tread wear, or other age-related changes. A tire may look completely usable, but its age is an excuse to replace it with a new one..

Some car manufacturers may recommend a different age for replacing tires. Such instructions are created on the basis of understanding a particular way of using the vehicle. Continental recommends following these instructions..

In any case, most often it is necessary to change tires due to tread wear or for another reason until the age recommended for replacement is reached. At the same time, the established period for replacing tires does not relieve the driver of the responsibility to replace worn tires as necessary..

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