Experts told what you need to know when renting a car 2

Experts told what you need to know when renting a car

Experts told what you need to know when renting a car

Experts told what you need to know when renting a car

According to experts, when renting a car, the client pays for the depreciation of the value of the vehicle, and not for the car itself .

Modern people are increasingly resorting to the use of car rental services. Experts told what you need to know when renting a car .

According to experts, when renting a car, the client pays for the depreciation of the cost of the vehicle, and not for the car itself. When renting a car at a price of $ 30,000, while its estimated value in three years will be $ 21,000, the depreciation amount is $ 9,000. If you divide this figure by the number of months in the lease, you get a monthly fee for renting a vehicle .

Experts recalled that the conditions for renting cars were not invented by the manufacturer, as is often said in advertising. Individual dealers themselves determine the cost of selling a car, which then applies to its rental. Therefore, do not refuse to discuss with the dealer the terms of the rental car. Also, do not forget to ask the seller for information on duties and conditions of the lease agreement in order to study it before signing the documents .

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Experts told what threatens to ride on the "reserve" 8

Experts told what threatens to ride on the “reserve”

Experts told what threatens to ride on the “reserve”

In the spring, broken roads become unpredictable, and each pit threatens with a loss of tire integrity. A spare tire in our area is as necessary as a head on shoulders. But what will happen if you put one “dokatka” or “spare tire” with a summer tread on a set of winter tires?

Most modern cars come off the assembly line fully equipped with a full-fledged spare tire or a “dokatka”. By default, they are equipped with summer or all-weather tires. According to Nokian Tires tire experts, the consequences of riding such a wheel in the winter season can be sad.

Many drivers of modern cars are accustomed to relying on modern technologies that control the torque between the wheels in cars, but with poor quality road surface the system can easily fail. Lack of uniform grip on wheels threatens to lose control of the machine.

Rotational effect

If the spare wheel is mounted on the front wheel, during intensive braking, the car will begin to turn around the wheel with better grip. The process develops very quickly and leaves very little time for reaction, so even experienced drivers risk traveling far beyond their lane.

Skidding

If the spare wheel is mounted on the rear wheel, when braking and especially when cornering, the unloaded rear axle of the vehicle can skid. In the case of front-wheel drive cars, the skid is adjusted by aligning the steering wheel and adding gas, if the drive is rear, it will be much more difficult to catch the car.

Experts told what threatens to ride on the "reserve" 9

Increased stopping distance

In the fight against the above effects, the driver will be helped by the ABS system and the stabilization of the car. However, their help will have a side effect – a significant lengthening of the braking distance of the car, especially if there is snow or ice under the wheels.

If, however, the driver of a front-wheel drive or four-wheel drive car has to use a summer spare wheel or a dokatka, it is better to put it on the rear axle – even if the front wheel bursts and this means twice as much work. Drive carefully, at a low speed, do not make sudden movements with the wheel and brake smoothly before turns. And as soon as it becomes possible to repair the tire or put a new one – do it immediately.

For a rear-wheel drive car, the use of a summer spare tire in winter conditions is generally not recommended: when installing in the front, there will be problems with stability on braking, when installing in the rear – with a drive during acceleration.

Ideally, regardless of the type of car drive, owners are strongly advised to take care of selecting tires for a spare tire for the season. Only in this way can you guarantee yourself that there are no problems with handling in difficult driving conditions on winter Ukrainian roads.

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    The expert told the secrets of choosing and using winter tires – Tires and wheels

    The expert told the secrets of choosing and using winter tires Source: Rossiyskaya Gazeta Text: Andrey Polukhin Weather forecasters have already warned…

The expert told the secrets of choosing and using winter tires - Tires and wheels 15

The expert told the secrets of choosing and using winter tires – Tires and wheels

The expert told the secrets of choosing and using winter tires - Tires and wheels

The expert told the secrets of choosing and using winter tires

Source: Rossiyskaya Gazeta
Text: Andrey Polukhin

Weather forecasters have already warned drivers about the need to change summer tires to winter. Meanwhile, the choice of optimal tires for the cold season, and their operation, and even storage often raise questions among motorists. About when to prefer Velcro to studding, how to extend the life of the wheels and how to save money, and what is absolutely impossible, RG was told by the regional director of the Russian AutoMotoClub technical assistance operator Nikolai Stepanov.

Winter tires on the market are represented by an extensive assortment of products of European, Russian and Asian production, which allows everyone to choose the optimal “shoes” for the car during the cold weather. However, few car enthusiasts understand the intricacies of the competent selection and operation of winter tires. Therefore, it’s worth starting with the basics.

Winter tires, which can be found in Russian stores, are divided into the following categories by manufacturers:

  • studded – traditional in most regions of the Russian Federation;
  • friction – studless tires of the ‘Scandinavian’ type or simply ‘Velcro’, they are designed for harsh winters and provide adhesion to the coating due to a special pattern of lamellas of a specific depth;
  • Central European – another type of studless tire that is used only in mild continental climates.

All studded tires are mandatory marked by the manufacturer, while winter tires without studs do not have special marks. I recommend that before buying, check with the seller or on the manufacturer’s website the type of studless tires and the possibility of their operation in the region in which you reside.

During the crisis, many motorists were convinced that not even the most air-conditioned used winter tires were preferable to any summer ones. This is due to the fact that manufacturers select the chemical composition of rubber so that the tire optimally copes with operating conditions. For summer, resistance to heat and friction is important; for winter, maintaining ductility at low temperatures, providing traction.

The choice – to purchase used tires or new ones – often rests on the budget, and therefore remains purely individual. If safety is important to you, opt for new tires.!

What to choose for motorists of the south of Russia

Although Central European rubber is nominally considered to be winter and designed for use at sub-zero temperatures, it was created for riding on cleared asphalt and has poor grip on a snowy or icy road. Such tires are suitable only for motorists living in the southernmost Russian regions.

Recommendations for drivers from the northern regions

If in your area riding on asphalt in the winter is a rarity, your choice is studded tires. Preference should be given to tires with an asymmetric tread pattern, but the configuration of the studs depends on personal preferences and the class of the vehicle. Studded tires should first be run in, driving a car at a speed not exceeding 60-75 km / h, and in subsequent operation it is important to avoid sports and extreme driving style.

If the increased noise of studded tires is a serious flaw for you, give preference to ‘Scandinavian’ type tires. I would recommend them to motorists living in large settlements, faced with wet asphalt or snow porridge after processing the roadway with public services.

What to prefer to residents of the Moscow region

For Moscow and Moscow region, the choice is to buy studded or friction rubber. Spiked tires are more stable on ice and packed snow, while friction tires are the best choice for daily movement around the city, especially in conditions of cold asphalt or snow porridge.

Do you often go out of town or spend a weekend in a village and a vacation in a ski resort? Choose a spike. But keep in mind that when driving at high speeds on asphalt, spikes are lost and tire performance as a whole deteriorates significantly. Over time, studded tires noticeably change properties, while friction tires are distinguished by great durability, especially with careful driving and gentle care.

If you avoid intensive braking at positive temperature and follow the speed limits prescribed for roads, friction rubber can last 5-6 seasons with minimal loss of technical and operational characteristics.

No matter how skeptical many motorists are of this, the cost of winter tires is really directly proportional to its quality. The high cost of modern tires is due to the fact that the most advanced technologies and components are used in production, and developers invest astronomical amounts in research and the search for the optimal tread pattern for specific operating conditions. This also explains the fact that each new generation of tires, albeit slightly, but surpasses its predecessors in terms of performance..

What is important to consider when buying

First of all, you should pay attention to the DOT marking, namely its last 3-4 digits. For example, the combination of numbers ‘2015’ means that a set of rubber was produced in the 20th week of 2015. Although theoretically, the shelf life of tires is 10 years from the date of manufacture, violation of storage conditions can critically affect the performance of tires.

How to save money by buying new tires and increase their service life significantly

A number of simple recommendations can significantly extend the life of rubber even with intensive use in conditions that are close to extreme. If we talk about storage, then you should:

  • increase tire pressure by 0.5 bar from the recommended by the manufacturer, as it will decrease over the summer;
  • during storage with disks, stacking or hanging on hooks mounted on the wall is allowed;
  • tires without a rim are best placed vertically, periodically turning.

During operation (especially if you notice uneven tire wear on the front and rear axles) change tires every 10-12 thousand kilometers. When using directional rubber, be sure to position the pointer clockwise. For trouble-free operation of the car, make sure that the tire tread depth on one axis does not differ by more than 2 mm.

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The lawyer told how to save rights if stopped for a ride while drunk 19

The lawyer told how to save rights if stopped for a ride while drunk

The lawyer told how to save rights if stopped for a ride while drunk

In Ukraine, as practice shows, even a sober driver risks losing his driver’s license for drunk driving.

Lawyer Dmitry Mokhniuk made advice to motorists who were stopped by patrol police suspected of alcohol intoxication.

A debate about the reason for stopping is not a good idea.

There are quite a few videos on the Internet where motorists demonstrate their “debate” with police representatives. However, entering into a polemic with the policeman, you should weigh the pros and cons.

Indeed, the law establishes an exhaustive list of grounds for stopping a vehicle by a police officer and the duty of a police officer to inform the driver about the specific reason for the stop. Such a reason for stopping as a check for intoxication is not provided. But another reason is provided for – violation by the driver of traffic rules. So, paragraph 2.9 of the SDA prohibits driving while intoxicated or intoxicated.

Some drivers may be annoyed:

“How can a policeman know that I, a law-abiding driver, are intoxicated?” He is not a telepath, not a superman to determine this from a distance, without stopping the car. No, such a reason for stopping does not suit me, and I don’t see any grounds for presenting documents.

You can understand such a driver – it’s unpleasant when you are stopped just like that, and they even require you to undergo an examination, which will take 30 minutes of your time. Nevertheless, we do not recommend in such a situation to refuse to provide documents to the police officer – for such a refusal regarding the driver, a protocol can be drawn up under Art. 185 Code of Administrative Offenses for malicious disobedience to the lawful order or demand of a policeman and, in appendage, the protocol under Art. 130 of the Code of Administrative Offenses in the event of a driver’s refusal to undergo a survey. And then, already exclusively in court, it will be necessary to prove their case.

The lawyer told how to save rights if stopped for a ride while drunk 20

Refusal of examination equals guilty plea.

Many drivers are aware of the presumption of innocence and sincerely believe that it is the policeman who must prove that the driver is drunk or intoxicated and that the driver does not have to spend his time passing the examination.

This position is erroneous – the very fact of the driver’s refusal to survey is already an offense and entails liability under Art. 130 CAO. In this case, it doesn’t matter whether the driver was really drunk or not – by voicing his refusal to be examined, he automatically became an intruder.

Police officers very, very often take advantage of driver ignorance. Everything happens as follows: they stop the driver, offer to go to a medical institution for an examination. If you feel that the driver is not behaving confidently, they immediately say that you can’t go anywhere, but offer to draw up a protocol, return the driver’s license and let the driver go (either on foot or with another person driving). The driver for joys even forgets to inquire, and what threatens him with such a protocol. But in vain, because he faces exactly the same punishment as the driver who passed the breath test (having established an excess of alcohol in the blood) – a fine of 10,200 hryvnias and deprivation of a driver’s license for one year.

You can disagree with the results of the examination at the stopping place and require an examination in a medical facility.

Examination for the detection of alcohol or drug intoxication may be carried out:

  • police officers at the place of stop using special technical means (for example Drager);
  • a doctor in a medical institution.

One can and should disagree with the results of on-site examination (of course, if they do not suit you) and at the same time require delivery to a medical institution for an additional examination. If the policeman refuses to fulfill your request (and there have been such cases), you should definitely write about it in the protocol in the column “explained especially to be attracted to the administrative office”.

If possible, record what is happening on the camcorder.

A video camera is mounted on the uniform of patrol police officers. The results of video surveillance can be used by the court as evidence of the presence or absence of fault of the driver, as well as confirm the facts of violations by the police. However, there are some nuances:

  • the policeman is not obliged to record on a video camera all 100% of the time spent communicating with the driver; therefore, only certain fragments of what is happening can be presented to the court;
  • video surveillance materials may be requested by a lawyer, and may be requested by a court;
  • video surveillance materials are stored for a limited period (usually 30 days).
  • Given the above, we recommend that you record all events from the moment the patrol officer stopped the police on your own video camera..

Do not refuse to sign the protocol – on the contrary, sign and indicate all the violations you identified by the policeman.

In the event that a protocol has been drawn up for you under Art. 130 of the Administrative Code does not make sense to refuse to sign it – the fact of signing does not mean your agreement with its contents. Moreover, the protocol should record all violations of the police officer, for example:

  • did not provide a certificate of conformity and (or) a certificate of verification of the breathalyzer;
  • inspection was carried out without witnesses;
  • witnesses were prepared by police officers;
  • did not give an inspection certificate based on the results of the breath test;
  • refused to deliver to the medical institution for examination.

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